Mathematics. a number that is to be divided by a divisor.
Law. a sum out of an insolvent estate paid to creditors.
a pro-rata share in an amount to be distributed.
a sum of money paid to shareholders of a corporation out of earnings.
Insurance. (in participating insurance) a distribution to a policyholder of a portion of the premium not needed by the company to pay claims or to meet expenses.
a share of anything divided.
anything received as a bonus, reward, or in addition to or beyond what is expected: Swimming is fun, and gives you the dividend of better health.

1470–80; < Latin dīvidendum thing to be divided, neuter gerund of dīvidere to divide

superdividend, noun

5. allotment, portion. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dividend (ˈdɪvɪˌdɛnd)
1.  finance
 a.  a distribution from the net profits of a company to its shareholders
 b.  a pro-rata portion of this distribution received by a shareholder
2.  the share of a cooperative society's surplus allocated at the end of a period to members
3.  insurance a sum of money distributed from a company's net profits to the holders of certain policies
4.  something extra; bonus
5.  Compare divisor a number or quantity to be divided by another number or quantity
6.  law the proportion of an insolvent estate payable to the creditors
[C15: from Latin dīvidendum what is to be divided; see divide]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 15c., from M.Fr. dividende "a number divided by another," from L. dividendum "thing to be divided," neut. gerundive of dividere (see divide). Sense of "portion of interest on a loan, stock, etc." is from 1680s. Related: Dividends.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
dividend   (dĭv'ĭ-děnd')  Pronunciation Key 
A number divided by another. In the equation 15 ÷ 3 = 5, 15 is the dividend.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

dividend definition

A payment to the stockholders of a corporation from the corporation's earnings.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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