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superfluous

[soo-pur-floo-uh s] /sʊˈpɜr flu əs/
adjective
1.
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2.
unnecessary or needless.
3.
Obsolete. possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin superfluus, equivalent to super- super- + flu- (stem of fluere to flow) + -us -ous
Related forms
superfluously, adverb
superfluousness, noun
unsuperfluous, adjective
unsuperfluously, adverb
unsuperfluousness, noun
Synonyms
1. extra; redundant.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for superfluous
  • If people think the extra meeting is superfluous or unclear on its purpose, they can raise their objections for all to hear.
  • He may have felt any extra knowledge was superfluous.
  • Asking about the story played out in the game is a bit superfluous.
  • Indeed, so potent is their self-organization that it threatens to render superfluous the employer and the state.
  • In a climate where clothes are superfluous, this is how you dress up for special occasions.
  • There the poet sustains himself merely by his own superfluous fat, and the philosopher comes down on his marrow-bones.
  • Cable companies appear to be obsessed with the pursuit of more revenue even if it means superfluous power consumption.
  • The argument about whether any climate change is human caused or simply a normal fluctuation in temperature is superfluous.
  • It is no big loss when superfluous things disappear.
  • Many other alternative energy resources and technologies are dismissed with superfluous remarks or even not mentioned at all.
British Dictionary definitions for superfluous

superfluous

/suːˈpɜːflʊəs/
adjective
1.
exceeding what is sufficient or required
2.
not necessary or relevant; uncalled-for
3.
(obsolete) extravagant in expenditure or oversupplied with possessions
Derived Forms
superfluously, adverb
superfluousness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin superfluus overflowing, from super- + fluere to flow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for superfluous
adjective

more than enough; overabundant; extra

Word Origin

Latin super- + fluere 'to flow'

adjective

unnecessary; uncalled-for; wasteful

Word Origin

Latin super- + fluere 'to flow'

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014 Dictionary.com, LLC
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Word Origin and History for superfluous
adj.

early 15c. (earlier superflue, late 14c.), from Latin superfluus "unnecessary," literally "overflowing," from superfluere "to overflow," from super "over" (see super-) + fluere "to flow" (see fluent).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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16
21
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