superfluous

[soo-pur-floo-uhs]
adjective
1.
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2.
unnecessary or needless.
3.
Obsolete. possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Latin superfluus, equivalent to super- super- + flu- (stem of fluere to flow) + -us -ous

superfluously, adverb
superfluousness, noun
unsuperfluous, adjective
unsuperfluously, adverb
unsuperfluousness, noun


1. extra; redundant.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
superfluous (suːˈpɜːflʊəs)
 
adj
1.  exceeding what is sufficient or required
2.  not necessary or relevant; uncalled-for
3.  obsolete extravagant in expenditure or oversupplied with possessions
 
[C15: from Latin superfluus overflowing, from super- + fluere to flow]
 
su'perfluously
 
adv
 
su'perfluousness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

superfluous
c.1380 (superflue), from L. superfluus "unnecessary," lit. "overflowing," from superfluere "to overflow," from super "over" (see super-) + fluere "to flow" (see fluent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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