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superfluous

[soo-pur-floo-uh s] /sʊˈpɜr flu əs/
adjective
1.
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2.
unnecessary or needless.
3.
Obsolete. possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant.
Origin of superfluous
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin superfluus, equivalent to super- super- + flu- (stem of fluere to flow) + -us -ous
Related forms
superfluously, adverb
superfluousness, noun
unsuperfluous, adjective
unsuperfluously, adverb
unsuperfluousness, noun
Synonyms
1. extra; redundant.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for superfluously
Historical Examples
  • "I want to think out some things," he added most superfluously.

    The Destroying Angel Louis Joseph Vance
  • "If you'll wait one moment," he said superfluously, as he closed the door.

    The Black Bag Louis Joseph Vance
  • "That's a very insulting sort of man," remarked Captain Giles—superfluously, I thought.

    The Shadow-Line Joseph Conrad
  • We are not a superfluously civil people, and certain national characteristics betray you.

    The Mistress of Bonaventure Harold Bindloss
  • The rabbit, our contemporary goes on to explain (superfluously, as it seems to us), is naturally blue.

  • Here the people are obviously accustomed to receive visitors, and are decently, not superfluously, civil.

    A Trip to Cuba Julia Ward Howe
  • He was glad she had not been cold to Mr. P., hurt that she was pleasant—so superfluously pleasant.

    The Call of the Town John Alexander Hammerton
  • Mrs. Westgate meanwhile, with her superfluously pretty gaze, looked at everyone alike.

  • If I had not superfluously demanded the rendering of an account, I should never have been expelled from Lischnitz.

    The Song of Songs Hermann Sudermann
  • He fitted it up conveniently; for his wealth, though not limited, was still not superfluously large.

British Dictionary definitions for superfluously

superfluous

/suːˈpɜːflʊəs/
adjective
1.
exceeding what is sufficient or required
2.
not necessary or relevant; uncalled-for
3.
(obsolete) extravagant in expenditure or oversupplied with possessions
Derived Forms
superfluously, adverb
superfluousness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin superfluus overflowing, from super- + fluere to flow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for superfluously
adjective

unnecessary; uncalled-for; wasteful

Word Origin

Latin super- + fluere 'to flow'

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014 Dictionary.com, LLC
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Word Origin and History for superfluously

superfluous

adj.

early 15c. (earlier superflue, late 14c.), from Latin superfluus "unnecessary," literally "overflowing," from superfluere "to overflow," from super "over" (see super-) + fluere "to flow" (see fluent).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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