supernumerary

[soo-per-noo-muh-rer-ee, -nyoo-]
adjective
1.
being in excess of the usual, proper, or prescribed number; additional; extra.
2.
associated with a regular body or staff as an assistant or substitute in case of necessity.
noun, plural supernumeraries.
3.
a supernumerary or extra person or thing.
4.
a supernumerary official or employee.
5.
a person who appears in a play or film without speaking lines or as part of a crowd; walk-on; extra.

Origin:
1595–1605; < Late Latin supernumerārius. See super-, numerary

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World English Dictionary
supernumerary (ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmərərɪ, -ˈnjuːmrərɪ)
 
adj
1.  exceeding a regular or proper number; extra
2.  functioning as a substitute or assistant with regard to a regular body or staff
 
n , -aries
3.  a person or thing that exceeds the normal, required, or regular number
4.  a person who functions as a substitute or assistant
5.  an actor who has no lines, esp a nonprofessional one
 
[C17: from Late Latin supernumerārius, from Latin super- + numerus number]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

supernumerary
1605, from L.L. supernumarius "excessive in number" (of soldiers added to a full legion), from L. super numerum "beyond the number," from super "beyond, over" (see super-) + numerum, accusative of numerus "number" (see number).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

supernumerary su·per·nu·mer·ar·y (sōō'pər-nōō'mə-rěr'ē, -nyōō'-)
adj.
Exceeding the normal or usual number; extra.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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