supplest

supple

[suhp-uhl]
adjective, suppler, supplest.
1.
bending readily without breaking or becoming deformed; pliant; flexible: a supple bough.
2.
characterized by ease in bending; limber; lithe: supple movements.
3.
characterized by ease, responsiveness, and adaptability in mental action.
4.
compliant or yielding.
5.
obsequious; servile.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), suppled, suppling.
6.
to make or become supple.

Origin:
1250–1300; (adj.) Middle English souple flexible, compliant < Old French: soft, yielding, lithe < Latin supplic- (stem of supplex) submissive, suppliant, equivalent to sup- sup- + -plic-, variously explained as akin to plicāre to fold1, bend (thus meaning “bent over”; cf. complex), or to plācāre to placate (thus meaning “in the attitude of a suppliant”); (v.) Middle English supplen to soften, derivative of the noun (compare Old French asoplir)

suppleness, noun
unsupple, adjective
unsuppleness, noun
unsupply, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
supple (ˈsʌpəl)
 
adj
1.  bending easily without damage
2.  capable of or showing easy or graceful movement; lithe
3.  mentally flexible; responding readily
4.  disposed to agree, sometimes to the point of servility
 
vb
5.  rare to make or become supple
 
[C13: from Old French souple, from Latin supplex bowed]
 
'suppleness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

supple
c.1300, from O.Fr. souple "pliant, flexible," from Gallo-Romance *supples, from L. supplex (gen. supplicis) "submissive, humbly begging," lit. "bending, kneeling down," thought to be an altered form of *supplacos "humbly pleading, appeasing," from sub "under" + placare "appease" (see placate).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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