supposition

[suhp-uh-zish-uhn]
noun
1.
the act of supposing.
2.
something that is supposed; assumption; hypothesis.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Latin suppositiōn- (stem of suppositiō) substitution (E meaning by association with suppose), equivalent to supposit(us) (past participle of suppōnere to substitute) + -iōn- -ion. See sup-, position

suppositional, adjective
suppositionally, adverb
nonsuppositional, adjective
nonsuppositionally, adverb
unsuppositional, adjective
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World English Dictionary
supposition (ˌsʌpəˈzɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act of supposing
2.  a fact, theory, etc, that is supposed
 
suppo'sitional
 
adj
 
suppo'sitionally
 
adv
 
suppo'sitionless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

supposition
early 15c., a term in logic, from L.L. suppositionem (nom. suppositio) "assumption, hypothesis" (see suppose); influenced by Gk. hypothesis.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
All these suppositions are consistent and conceivable.
But these are two contradictory suppositions in the state of nature, to be
  robust and dependent.
In other words, he was convicted on the basis of suppositions about crimes he
  might commit in the future.
The suppositions and postulations of ethical dilemma in question should
  logically be addressed using these same chess strategies.
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