suprasegmental

[soo-pruh-seg-men-tl]
adjective
1.
above, beyond, or in addition to a segment.
2.
Linguistics. pertaining to or noting features of speech, as stress, pitch, and length, that accompany individual consonants and vowels and may extend over more than one such segmental element; pertaining to junctural and prosodic features.
noun
3.
a suprasegmental feature.

Origin:
1940–45; supra- + segmental

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To suprasegmental
Collins
World English Dictionary
suprasegmental (ˌsuːprəsɛɡˈmɛntəl, ˌsjuː-)
 
adj
linguistics denoting those features of a sound or sequence of sounds that accompany rather than form part of the consecutive segments of a word or sentence, as for example stress and pitch in English
 
supraseg'mentally
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

suprasegmental

in phonetics, a speech feature such as stress, tone, or word juncture that accompanies or is added over consonants and vowels; these features are not limited to single sounds but often extend over syllables, words, or phrases. In Spanish the stress accent is often used to distinguish between otherwise identical words: termino means "term," termino means "I terminate," and termino means "he terminated." In Mandarin Chinese, tone is a distinctive suprasegmental: shih pronounced on a high, level note means "to lose"; on a slight rising note means "ten"; on a falling note means "city, market"; and on a falling-rising note means "history." English "beer dripped" and "beard ripped" are distinguished by word juncture.

Learn more about suprasegmental with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Part one deals with phonology, including segmental and suprasegmental features.
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature