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surcharge

[n. sur-chahrj; v. sur-chahrj, sur-chahrj] /n. ˈsɜrˌtʃɑrdʒ; v. sɜrˈtʃɑrdʒ, ˈsɜrˌtʃɑrdʒ/
noun
1.
an additional charge, tax, or cost.
2.
an excessive sum or price charged.
3.
an additional or excessive load or burden.
4.
Philately.
  1. an overprint that alters or restates the face value or denomination of a stamp to which it has been applied.
  2. a stamp bearing such an overprint.
5.
act of surcharging.
verb (used with object), surcharged, surcharging.
6.
to subject to an additional or extra charge, tax, cost, etc. (for payment).
7.
to overcharge for goods.
8.
to show an omission in (an account) of something that operates as a charge against the accounting party; to omit a credit toward (an account).
9.
Philately. to print a surcharge on (a stamp).
10.
to put an additional or excessive burden upon.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English surchargen (v.) < Old French surcharger. See sur-1, charge
Related forms
surcharger, noun
unsurcharged, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for surcharger

surcharge

noun (ˈsɜːˌtʃɑːdʒ)
1.
a charge in addition to the usual payment, tax, etc
2.
an excessive sum charged, esp when unlawful
3.
an extra and usually excessive burden or supply
4.
(law) the act or an instance of surcharging
5.
an overprint that alters the face value of a postage stamp
verb (transitive) (sɜːˈtʃɑːdʒ; ˈsɜːˌtʃɑːdʒ)
6.
to charge an additional sum, tax, etc
7.
to overcharge (a person) for something
8.
to put an extra physical burden upon; overload
9.
to fill to excess; overwhelm
10.
(law) to insert credits that have been omitted in (an account)
11.
to overprint a surcharge on (a stamp)
Derived Forms
surcharger, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for surcharger

surcharge

v.

early 15c., from Middle French surcharger, from Old French sur- "over" (see sur-) + chargier "to load" (see charge). The noun is also first attested early 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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