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surfeit

[sur-fit] /ˈsɜr fɪt/
noun
1.
excess; an excessive amount:
a surfeit of speechmaking.
2.
excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
3.
an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to excessive eating or drinking.
4.
general disgust caused by excess or satiety.
verb (used with object)
5.
to bring to a state of surfeit by excess of food or drink.
6.
to supply with anything to excess or satiety; satiate.
verb (used without object)
7.
to eat or drink to excess.
8.
to suffer from the effects of overindulgence in eating or drinking.
9.
to indulge to excess in anything.
Origin of surfeit
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English sorfete, surfait < Middle French surfait, surfet (noun use of past participle of surfaire to overdo), equivalent to sur- sur-1 + fait < Latin factus, past participle of facere to do (see fact); (v.) sorfeten, derivative of the noun
Related forms
unsurfeited, adjective
unsurfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. superabundance, superfluity. 5, 6. stuff, gorge. 6. fill.
Antonyms
1. lack.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for surfeited
Historical Examples
  • Her hot breath was on his neck, and he surfeited his senses upon the incense of her curls.

    The Red Debt Everett MacDonald
  • It is lawful for the body to take its meat and drink, but not to be surfeited and drunken.

    The Golden Fountain Lilian Staveley
  • He himself might have been surfeited and bitter, but his work contains only the barest hint of his temperamental retrospection.

    Modern Painting, Its Tendency and Meaning Willard Huntington Wright
  • Who can say what takes place in those august brains, surfeited with power?

    The Nabob, Vol. 2 (of 2) Alphonse Daudet
  • Having finished his meal the great beast, surfeited with food, slowly moved off into the jungle.

    In Africa John T. McCutcheon
  • I could continue them till the reader was surfeited, if desirable.

    Sketches New and Old, Complete Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
  • Whenever I consider that I needs must die, I stretch my cloak upon the ground and am not surfeited with sleeping.

    Tragic Sense Of Life Miguel de Unamuno
  • So they did have trout galore for supper; and even Nick was surfeited for once.

  • Humanity, when surfeited with emotion, becomes calm, almost phlegmatic.

    The Day of Wrath Louis Tracy
  • The doctor assured me that the sport was kept up until he was surfeited.

    Fishing With The Fly Charles F. Orvis and Others
British Dictionary definitions for surfeited

surfeit

/ˈsɜːfɪt/
noun
1.
(usually foll by of) an excessive or immoderate amount
2.
overindulgence, esp in eating or drinking
3.
disgust, nausea, etc, caused by such overindulgence
verb
4.
(transitive) to supply or feed excessively; satiate
5.
(intransitive) (archaic) to eat, drink, or be supplied to excess
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to feel uncomfortable as a consequence of overindulgence
Derived Forms
surfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from French surfait, from surfaire to overdo, from sur-1 + faire, from Latin facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surfeited

surfeit

n.

early 14c., "excess quantity;" late 14c., "overindulgence," from Old French surfet "excess," noun use of past participle of surfaire "overdo," from sur- "over" (see sur-) + faire "do," from Latin facere "to make" (see factitious).

v.

late 14c., from surfeit (n.). Related: Surfeited; surfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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