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surfeit

[sur-fit] /ˈsɜr fɪt/
noun
1.
excess; an excessive amount:
a surfeit of speechmaking.
2.
excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
3.
an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to excessive eating or drinking.
4.
general disgust caused by excess or satiety.
verb (used with object)
5.
to bring to a state of surfeit by excess of food or drink.
6.
to supply with anything to excess or satiety; satiate.
verb (used without object)
7.
to eat or drink to excess.
8.
to suffer from the effects of overindulgence in eating or drinking.
9.
to indulge to excess in anything.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English sorfete, surfait < Middle French surfait, surfet (noun use of past participle of surfaire to overdo), equivalent to sur- sur-1 + fait < Latin factus, past participle of facere to do (see fact); (v.) sorfeten, derivative of the noun
Related forms
unsurfeited, adjective
unsurfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. superabundance, superfluity. 5, 6. stuff, gorge. 6. fill.
Antonyms
1. lack.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for surfeiting

surfeit

/ˈsɜːfɪt/
noun
1.
(usually foll by of) an excessive or immoderate amount
2.
overindulgence, esp in eating or drinking
3.
disgust, nausea, etc, caused by such overindulgence
verb
4.
(transitive) to supply or feed excessively; satiate
5.
(intransitive) (archaic) to eat, drink, or be supplied to excess
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to feel uncomfortable as a consequence of overindulgence
Derived Forms
surfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from French surfait, from surfaire to overdo, from sur-1 + faire, from Latin facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for surfeiting

surfeit

n.

early 14c., "excess quantity;" late 14c., "overindulgence," from Old French surfet "excess," noun use of past participle of surfaire "overdo," from sur- "over" (see sur-) + faire "do," from Latin facere "to make" (see factitious).

v.

late 14c., from surfeit (n.). Related: Surfeited; surfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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