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surfeit

[sur-fit] /ˈsɜr fɪt/
noun
1.
excess; an excessive amount:
a surfeit of speechmaking.
2.
excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
3.
an uncomfortably full or crapulous feeling due to excessive eating or drinking.
4.
general disgust caused by excess or satiety.
verb (used with object)
5.
to bring to a state of surfeit by excess of food or drink.
6.
to supply with anything to excess or satiety; satiate.
verb (used without object)
7.
to eat or drink to excess.
8.
to suffer from the effects of overindulgence in eating or drinking.
9.
to indulge to excess in anything.
Origin of surfeit
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English sorfete, surfait < Middle French surfait, surfet (noun use of past participle of surfaire to overdo), equivalent to sur- sur-1 + fait < Latin factus, past participle of facere to do (see fact); (v.) sorfeten, derivative of the noun
Related forms
unsurfeited, adjective
unsurfeiting, adjective
Synonyms
1. superabundance, superfluity. 5, 6. stuff, gorge. 6. fill.
Antonyms
1. lack.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for surfeiting
Historical Examples
  • And betimes eating cheese and crackers, and drinking beer, and surfeiting the air with the delicious fumes of his strong pipe.

    Edith and John Franklin S. Farquhar
  • Our hearts may be “overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares.”

  • “Not in surfeiting and wantonness, not in causality and uncleanness,” with what follows.

  • I hear the voice of my God commanding, Let not your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness.

  • By surfeiting many have perished, but he that is temperate, shall prolong life.

  • But there ought to be a mean between a ferocious disdain of all modern writing and a surfeiting on all that is published.

    Why we should read S. P. B. Mais
  • So he lived for some days, and the daily surfeiting began to tell on his constitution.

  • Take heed to yourselves lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness.

    Broken Bread Thomas Champness
  • I am the same as when you knew me, almost to a surfeiting identity.

    Mary Lamb Anne Burrows Gilchrist
  • There is but little danger of surfeiting him with kindness and advantages, so long as he is deprived of his freedom.

    The Twin Hells John N. Reynolds
British Dictionary definitions for surfeiting

surfeit

/ˈsɜːfɪt/
noun
1.
(usually foll by of) an excessive or immoderate amount
2.
overindulgence, esp in eating or drinking
3.
disgust, nausea, etc, caused by such overindulgence
verb
4.
(transitive) to supply or feed excessively; satiate
5.
(intransitive) (archaic) to eat, drink, or be supplied to excess
6.
(intransitive) (obsolete) to feel uncomfortable as a consequence of overindulgence
Derived Forms
surfeiter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from French surfait, from surfaire to overdo, from sur-1 + faire, from Latin facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surfeiting

surfeit

n.

early 14c., "excess quantity;" late 14c., "overindulgence," from Old French surfet "excess," noun use of past participle of surfaire "overdo," from sur- "over" (see sur-) + faire "do," from Latin facere "to make" (see factitious).

v.

late 14c., from surfeit (n.). Related: Surfeited; surfeiting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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