a physician who specializes in surgery.

1250–1300; Middle English surgien < Anglo-French, alteration of Old French cirurgien chirurgeon Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
surgeon (ˈsɜːdʒən)
1.  a medical practioner who specializes in surgery
2.  a medical officer in the Royal Navy
[C14: from Anglo-Norman surgien, from Old French cirurgien; see surgery]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. surgien (13c.), from O.Fr. serurgien, cirurgien, from cirurgie "surgery," from L. chirurgia, from Gk. kheirourgia, from kheirourgos "working or done by hand," from kheir "hand" + ergon "work" (see urge (v.)). Surgery (c.1300) is from O.Fr. surgerie, contracted
from serurgerie, from L.L. chirurgia.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

surgeon sur·geon (sûr'jən)
A physician who specializes in surgery.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences for surgeons
Surgeons had been unable to remove the central ligature in his amputated arm.
Surgeons discovered cancer in one lung that spread to his aorta.
This division of labour led to the distinction between physicians and surgeons.
However, many surgeons are now performing endoscopic techniques.
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