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survey

[v. ser-vey; n. sur-vey, ser-vey] /v. sərˈveɪ; n. ˈsɜr veɪ, sərˈveɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc.
2.
to view in detail, especially to inspect, examine, or appraise formally or officially in order to ascertain condition, value, etc.
3.
to conduct a survey of or among:
to survey TV viewers.
4.
to determine the exact form, boundaries, position, extent, etc., of (a tract of land, section of a country, etc.) by linear and angular measurements and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry.
verb (used without object)
5.
to survey land; practice surveying.
noun, plural surveys.
6.
an act or instance of surveying or of taking a comprehensive view of something:
The course is a survey of Italian painting.
7.
a formal or official examination of the particulars of something, made in order to ascertain condition, character, etc.
8.
a statement or description embodying the result of this:
They presented their survey to the board of directors.
9.
a sampling, or partial collection, of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used to approximate or indicate what a complete collection and analysis might reveal:
The survey showed the percentage of the population that planned to vote.
10.
the act of determining the exact form, boundaries, position, etc., as of a tract of land or section of a country, by linear measurements, angular measurements, etc.
11.
the plan or description resulting from such an operation.
12.
an agency for making determinations:
U.S. Geological Survey.
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English surveien (v.) < Anglo-French surveier, Middle French surv(e)ier, surveoir to oversee, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + v(e)ier < Latin vidēre to see
Related forms
surveyable, adjective
presurvey, noun
presurvey, verb (used with object)
self-survey, noun
self-surveyed, adjective
unsurveyable, adjective
unsurveyed, adjective

survey.

1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for survey
  • He shifted to the left and stood the stadia rod straight to register his position for the survey laser on the tripod below.
  • In an informal survey of his village, more than one in four people admitted to having eaten bonobo meat.
  • Nobody could give an accurate length estimate because there has never been a systematic survey.
  • It turned out that she had the same gift, as this intimate survey demonstrates.
  • The first survey showed him leading by two points, the second by three points, and the third by six points.
  • Even so, this survey will argue that the balance of arguments remains strongly in favour of enlargement.
  • As this survey has made clear, strong growth will not guarantee an easy ride.
  • The researchers also had supervisors fill out a different survey, about their stress levels and weekly exercise.
  • The kids completed a sleep habits survey before and after the time change.
  • They played the game against themselves and completed a short survey designed to gauge delusional thoughts.
British Dictionary definitions for survey

survey

verb (sɜːˈveɪ; ˈsɜːveɪ)
1.
(transitive) to view or consider in a comprehensive or general way: to survey the situation
2.
(transitive) to examine carefully, as or as if to appraise value: to survey oneself in a mirror
3.
to plot a detailed map of (an area of land) by measuring or calculating distances and height
4.
(Brit) to inspect a building to determine its condition and value
5.
to examine a vessel thoroughly in order to determine its seaworthiness
6.
(transitive) to run a statistical survey on (incomes, opinions, etc)
noun (ˈsɜːveɪ)
7.
a comprehensive or general view: a survey of English literature
8.
a critical, detailed, and formal inspection: a survey of the nation's hospitals
9.
(Brit) an inspection of a building to determine its condition and value
10.
a report incorporating the results of such an inspection
11.
  1. a body of surveyors
  2. an area surveyed
12.
(statistics) a random sample
Derived Forms
surveyable, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from French surveoir, from sur-1 + veoir to see, from Latin vidēre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for survey
v.

late 14c. "to consider, contemplate" (implied in surveyance), from Old French surveeir, from Medieval Latin supervidere "oversee" (see supervise). Meaning "examine the condition of" is from mid-15c. That of "to take linear measurements of a tract of ground" is recorded from 1540s. Related: Surveyed; surveying.

n.

late 15c., survei, "oversight, supervision," from survey (v.). The meaning "act of viewing in detail" is from 1540s. Meaning "systematic collection of data on opinions, etc." is attested from 1927.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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