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survey

[v. ser-vey; n. sur-vey, ser-vey] /v. sərˈveɪ; n. ˈsɜr veɪ, sərˈveɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc.
2.
to view in detail, especially to inspect, examine, or appraise formally or officially in order to ascertain condition, value, etc.
3.
to conduct a survey of or among:
to survey TV viewers.
4.
to determine the exact form, boundaries, position, extent, etc., of (a tract of land, section of a country, etc.) by linear and angular measurements and the application of the principles of geometry and trigonometry.
verb (used without object)
5.
to survey land; practice surveying.
noun, plural surveys.
6.
an act or instance of surveying or of taking a comprehensive view of something:
The course is a survey of Italian painting.
7.
a formal or official examination of the particulars of something, made in order to ascertain condition, character, etc.
8.
a statement or description embodying the result of this:
They presented their survey to the board of directors.
9.
a sampling, or partial collection, of facts, figures, or opinions taken and used to approximate or indicate what a complete collection and analysis might reveal:
The survey showed the percentage of the population that planned to vote.
10.
the act of determining the exact form, boundaries, position, etc., as of a tract of land or section of a country, by linear measurements, angular measurements, etc.
11.
the plan or description resulting from such an operation.
12.
an agency for making determinations:
U.S. Geological Survey.
Origin
late Middle English
1425-1475
1425-75; late Middle English surveien (v.) < Anglo-French surveier, Middle French surv(e)ier, surveoir to oversee, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + v(e)ier < Latin vidēre to see
Related forms
surveyable, adjective
presurvey, noun
presurvey, verb (used with object)
self-survey, noun
self-surveyed, adjective
unsurveyable, adjective
unsurveyed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for surveys
  • After all, people can lie in surveys, and segments of the population can be overlooked.
  • City surveys confirm that sidewalks are becoming more crowded.
  • The employment report consists of two surveys, one of employers and one of households.
  • All year long, from every direction, surveys bombard students.
  • In addition, many other workplace surveys are operated in the same way.
  • One problem with such surveys, and the conclusions drawn from them, is that they often raise more questions than they answer.
  • The surveys are the latest effort to shed light on what has been a complicated year for college admissions.
  • The basis of the book is surveys given to students as entering freshmen and as juniors.
  • But he strongly believes that all programs should have been included in the underlying reputational surveys.
  • We also skipped some destinations we'd rated in previous surveys.
British Dictionary definitions for surveys

survey

verb (sɜːˈveɪ; ˈsɜːveɪ)
1.
(transitive) to view or consider in a comprehensive or general way: to survey the situation
2.
(transitive) to examine carefully, as or as if to appraise value: to survey oneself in a mirror
3.
to plot a detailed map of (an area of land) by measuring or calculating distances and height
4.
(Brit) to inspect a building to determine its condition and value
5.
to examine a vessel thoroughly in order to determine its seaworthiness
6.
(transitive) to run a statistical survey on (incomes, opinions, etc)
noun (ˈsɜːveɪ)
7.
a comprehensive or general view: a survey of English literature
8.
a critical, detailed, and formal inspection: a survey of the nation's hospitals
9.
(Brit) an inspection of a building to determine its condition and value
10.
a report incorporating the results of such an inspection
11.
  1. a body of surveyors
  2. an area surveyed
12.
(statistics) a random sample
Derived Forms
surveyable, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from French surveoir, from sur-1 + veoir to see, from Latin vidēre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for surveys

survey

v.

late 14c. "to consider, contemplate" (implied in surveyance), from Old French surveeir, from Medieval Latin supervidere "oversee" (see supervise). Meaning "examine the condition of" is from mid-15c. That of "to take linear measurements of a tract of ground" is recorded from 1540s. Related: Surveyed; surveying.

n.

late 15c., survei, "oversight, supervision," from survey (v.). The meaning "act of viewing in detail" is from 1540s. Meaning "systematic collection of data on opinions, etc." is attested from 1927.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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