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sutra

[soo-truh] /ˈsu trə/
noun
1.
Hinduism. a collection of aphorisms relating to some aspect of the conduct of life.
2.
Pali sutta
[soo t-uh] /ˈsʊt ə/ (Show IPA)
. Buddhism. any of the sermons of Buddha.
3.
one of the approximately 4000 rules or aphorisms that constitute Panini's grammar of Sanskrit.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; < Sanskrit sūtra
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sutta

sutra

/ˈsuːtrə/
noun
1.
(Hinduism) Sanskrit sayings or collections of sayings on Vedic doctrine dating from about 200 ad onwards
2.
(modifier) (Hinduism)
  1. of or relating to the last of the Vedic literary periods, from about 500 to 100 bc the sutra period
  2. of or relating to the sutras or compilations of sutras of about 200 ad onwards
3.
(Buddhism) collections of dialogues and discourses of classic Mahayana Buddhism dating from the 2nd to the 6th centuries a.d
Word Origin
C19: from Sanskrit: list of rules
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sutta
Sutra
"series of aphorisms," 1801, from Skt. sutram "rule," lit. "string, thread" (as a measure of straightness), from sivyati "sew;" cognate with L. suere "to sew" (see sew). Applied to rules of grammar, law, philosophy, etc., along with their commentaries.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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