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svarabhakti

[sfahr-ah-bahk-tee; Sanskrit svuh-ruh-buhk-ti] /ˌsfɑr ɑˈbɑk ti; Sanskrit svə rəˈbʌk tɪ/
noun, Linguistics
1.
the process of inserting vowel sounds into a consonant cluster, as in a loanword to make it conform to the pattern of the speaker's language and, hence, more easily pronounceable, as in the Italian pronunciation
[lahn-tsee-ke-nek-kaw] /ˌlɑn tsi kɛˈnɛk kɔ/ (Show IPA)
for German Landsknecht
[lahnts-knekht] /ˈlɑntsˌknɛxt/ (Show IPA)
.
Compare epenthesis.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80; < Sanskrit: vowel segment (inserted in particular environments)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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