swamp fever

swamp fever

noun Pathology, Veterinary Pathology.
2.
Also called infectious anemia of horses. an equine viral disease characterized by weakness and recurring fever, transmitted by contaminated food and water.

Origin:
1840–50, Americanism

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Collins
World English Dictionary
swamp fever
 
n
1.  Also called: equine infectious anaemia a viral disease of horses characterized by recurring fever, staggering gait, and general debility
2.  (US) another name for malaria

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

swamp fever n.
See malaria.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

swamp fever

disease of horses that is caused by a non-oncogenic (non-cancer-causing) retrovirus. Bloodsucking insects, especially horseflies, transmit the disease. Signs, which appear about two weeks after exposure, include fever, progressive weakness, weight loss, edema, and anemia. An attack lasts three to five days. In the chronic form the fever recurs at intervals that vary from days to months. The affected animal is apt to have a shaggy coat, to be thin, weak, and sluggish, and to have swollen legs. An asymptomatic animal may carry the virus. No specific treatment or vaccine is available, but a highly accurate serologic test, the Coggins test, enables identification of infected horses. Human infection, although rare, has been reported.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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