|1.||the secretion from the sweat glands, esp when profuse and visible, as during strenuous activity, from excessive heat, etc; commonly also called perspirationRelated: sudatory, sudorific|
|2.||the act or process of secreting this fluid|
|3.||the act of inducing the exudation of moisture|
|4.||drops of moisture given forth or gathered on the surface of something|
|5.||informal a state or condition of worry or eagerness (esp in the phrase in a sweat)|
|6.||slang drudgery or hard labour: mowing lawns is a real sweat!|
|7.||chiefly (US) an exercise gallop given to a horse, esp on the day of a race|
|8.||slang chiefly (Brit) a soldier, esp one who is old and experienced|
|9.||slang (interjection) no sweat! an expression suggesting that something can be done without problems or difficulty|
|—vb , sweats, sweating, sweat, sweated|
|10.||to secrete (sweat) through the pores of the skin, esp profusely|
|11.||(tr) to make wet or stain with sweat|
|12.||to give forth or cause to give forth (moisture) in droplets: a sweating cheese; the maple sweats sap|
|13.||(intr) to collect and condense moisture on an outer surface: a glass of beer sweating in the sun|
|14.||(intr) (of a liquid) to pass through a porous surface in droplets|
|15.||(of tobacco leaves, cut and dried hay, etc) to exude moisture and, sometimes, begin to ferment or to cause (tobacco leaves, etc) to exude moisture|
|16.||(tr) to heat (food, esp vegetables) slowly in butter in a tightly closed saucepan|
|17.||(tr) to join (pieces of metal) by pressing together and heating|
|18.||(tr) to heat (solder) until it melts|
|19.||(tr) to heat (a partially fused metal) to extract an easily fusible constituent|
|20.||to shake together (coins, esp gold coins) so as to remove particles for illegal use|
|21.||informal to suffer anxiety, impatience, or distress|
|22.||informal to overwork or be overworked|
|23.||informal (tr) to employ at very low wages and under bad conditions|
|24.||informal (tr) to extort, esp by torture: to sweat information out of a captive|
|25.||informal (intr) to suffer punishment: you'll sweat for this!|
|26.||informal sweat blood|
|a. to work very hard|
|b. to be filled with anxiety or impatience|
|Related: sudatory, sudorific|
|[Old English swætan to sweat, from swāt sweat; related to Old Saxon swēt, Old Norse sveiti, Old High German sweiz, Latin sūdor, Sanskrit svedas]|
v. sweat·ed or sweat, sweat·ing, sweats
To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire. n.
The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.
The process of sweating.
Also, . Work diligently or strenuously, as in The men were sweating blood to finish the roof before the storm hit. The phrase using guts was first used about 1890, and that with blood shortly thereafter.
Suffer mental anguish, worry intensely, as in Waiting for the test results, I was sweating blood. This usage was first recorded in a work by D.H. Lawrence in 1924. Both usages are colloquial, and allude to the agony of Jesus in Gethsemane (Luke 22:44): "And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground."