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sweat

[swet] /swɛt/
verb (used without object), sweat or sweated, sweating.
1.
to perspire, especially freely or profusely.
2.
to exude moisture, as green plants piled in a heap or cheese.
3.
to gather moisture from the surrounding air by condensation.
4.
(of moisture or liquid) to ooze or be exuded.
5.
Informal. to work hard.
6.
Informal. to experience distress, as from anxiety.
7.
(of tobacco) to ferment.
verb (used with object), sweat or sweated, sweating.
8.
to excrete (perspiration, moisture, etc.) through the pores of the skin.
9.
to exude in drops or small particles:
The drying figs sweat tiny drops of moisture.
10.
to send forth or get rid of with or like perspiration (often followed by out or off).
11.
to wet or stain with perspiration.
12.
to cause (a person, a horse, etc.) to perspire.
13.
to cause to exude moisture, especially as a step in an industrial drying process:
to sweat wood.
14.
to earn, produce, or obtain (a result, promotion, compliment, etc.) by hard work.
15.
to cause to lose (weight) as by perspiring or hard work:
The hard week's work sweated five pounds off him.
16.
to cause, force, or bring pressure on (a person, an animal, etc.) to work hard.
17.
to employ (workers) at low wages, for long hours, or under other unfavorable conditions.
18.
to labor with meticulous care over:
The manufacturer of this beautiful car has really sweated the details.
19.
Slang.
  1. to obtain or extort (money) from someone.
  2. to extort money from; fleece.
20.
Slang. to subject to severe questioning; give the third degree to.
21.
Metallurgy.
  1. to heat (an alloy) in order to remove a constituent melting at a lower temperature than the alloy as a whole.
  2. to heat (solder or the like) to melting.
  3. to join (metal objects) by heating and pressing together, usually with solder.
22.
to remove bits of metal from (gold coins) by shaking them against one another, as in a bag.
Compare clip1 (def 4).
23.
to cause (tobacco or cocoa) to ferment.
noun
24.
the process of sweating or perspiring.
25.
that which is secreted from sweat glands; perspiration.
26.
a state or a period of sweating.
27.
hard work.
28.
Informal. a state of anxiety or impatience.
29.
a process of inducing sweating or perspiration, or of being sweated, as in medical treatment.
30.
moisture exuded from something or gathered on a surface.
31.
an exuding of moisture, as by a substance.
32.
an inducing of such exudation, as in some industrial process.
33.
a run given to a horse for exercise, as before a race.
34.
sweats, Informal. sweatpants, sweatshirts, sweat suits, or the like.
adjective
35.
Informal.
  1. (of clothes) made to be worn for exercise, sports, or other physical activity.
  2. made of the absorbent fabric used for such clothes:
    sweat dresses.
  3. of, for, or associated with such clothes:
    the sweat look in sportswear.
Verb phrases
36.
sweat out, Informal.
  1. to await anxiously the outcome of; endure apprehensively:
    The accused sweated out the jury's deliberation.
  2. to work arduously at or toward:
    The director sweated out a camera angle with the cinematographer.
Idioms
37.
no sweat, Informal. with no difficulty or problem.
38.
sweat blood, Informal.
  1. to be under a strain; work strenuously.
  2. to wait anxiously; worry:
    He was sweating blood while his friend was being questioned by the police.
39.
sweat bullets, Informal.
  1. to sweat profusely.
  2. to be apprehensive; worry.
40.
sweat it, Informal.
  1. to wait anxiously; endure the best way one can:
    There was no news of survivors, so all we could do was sweat it.
  2. to worry; be apprehensive:
    You'll do OK, so don't sweat it.
Origin
obsolete English
900
before 900; 1970-75 for def 6; (v.) Middle English sweten, Old English swǣtan to sweat, derivative of swāt (noun) (> obsolete English swote); (noun) Middle English, alteration of swote, influenced by the v.; cognate with Dutch zweet, German Schweiss, Old Norse sveiti, Sanskrit svedas; akin to Latin sūdor, Greek hidrṓs
Related forms
sweatless, adjective
nonsweating, adjective
unsweating, adjective
Synonyms
24. See perspiration.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sweat out

sweat out

verb (transitive, adverb)
1.
to cure or lessen the effects of (a cold, respiratory infection, etc) by sweating
2.
(informal) to endure (hardships) for a time (often in the phrase sweat it out)
3.
(informal) sweat one's guts out, to work extremely hard

sweat

/swɛt/
noun
1.
the secretion from the sweat glands, esp when profuse and visible, as during strenuous activity, from excessive heat, etc; commonly also called perspiration related adjectives sudatory sudorific
2.
the act or process of secreting this fluid
3.
the act of inducing the exudation of moisture
4.
drops of moisture given forth or gathered on the surface of something
5.
(informal) a state or condition of worry or eagerness (esp in the phrase in a sweat)
6.
(slang) drudgery or hard labour: mowing lawns is a real sweat!
7.
(mainly US) an exercise gallop given to a horse, esp on the day of a race
8.
(slang, mainly Brit) a soldier, esp one who is old and experienced
9.
(interjection) (slang) no sweat!, an expression suggesting that something can be done without problems or difficulty
verb sweats, sweating, sweat, sweated
10.
to secrete (sweat) through the pores of the skin, esp profusely
11.
(transitive) to make wet or stain with sweat
12.
to give forth or cause to give forth (moisture) in droplets: a sweating cheese, the maple sweats sap
13.
(intransitive) to collect and condense moisture on an outer surface: a glass of beer sweating in the sun
14.
(intransitive) (of a liquid) to pass through a porous surface in droplets
15.
(of tobacco leaves, cut and dried hay, etc) to exude moisture and, sometimes, begin to ferment or to cause (tobacco leaves, etc) to exude moisture
16.
(transitive) to heat (food, esp vegetables) slowly in butter in a tightly closed saucepan
17.
(transitive) to join (pieces of metal) by pressing together and heating
18.
(transitive) to heat (solder) until it melts
19.
(transitive) to heat (a partially fused metal) to extract an easily fusible constituent
20.
to shake together (coins, esp gold coins) so as to remove particles for illegal use
21.
(informal) to suffer anxiety, impatience, or distress
22.
(informal) to overwork or be overworked
23.
(transitive) (informal) to employ at very low wages and under bad conditions
24.
(transitive) (informal) to extort, esp by torture: to sweat information out of a captive
25.
(intransitive) (informal) to suffer punishment: you'll sweat for this!
26.
(informal) sweat blood
  1. to work very hard
  2. to be filled with anxiety or impatience
Derived Forms
sweatless, adjective
Word Origin
Old English swætan to sweat, from swāt sweat; related to Old Saxon swēt, Old Norse sveiti, Old High German sweiz, Latin sūdor, Sanskrit svedas
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sweat out

sweat

v.

Old English swætan "perspire, work hard," from the source of sweat (n.). Meaning "to be worried, vexed" is recorded from c.1400. Related: Sweated; sweating. Colloquial no sweat "no problem" attested from 1963.

n.

Old English swat "sweat," which became Middle English swote, but altered under the influence of the verb, from Proto-Germanic *swaita (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian swet, Old Norse sveiti, Danish sved "sweat," Swedish svett, Middle Dutch sweet, Dutch zweet, Old High German sweiz, German Schweiß), from PIE *sweid-/*swoid- (cf. Sanskrit svedah "sweat," Avestan xvaeda- "sweat," Greek hidros "sweat, perspiration," Latin sudor, Lettish swiedri, Welsh chwys "sweat"). Sweat equity is from 1968.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sweat out in Medicine

sweat (swět)
v. sweat·ed or sweat, sweat·ing, sweats
To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire. n.

  1. The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.

  2. The process of sweating.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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sweat out in Science
sweat
  (swět)   
The salty liquid given off by sweat glands in the skin of mammals. As sweat evaporates, the skin cools, causing a reduction in body heat.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for sweat out

sweat

verb
  1. To suffer; stew; cook (1610+)
  2. To work very hard and meticulously: Clinton did not sweat buckets to gain a minimum wage increase, fund extensive job training, or stop budget-busting tax breaks for the well-to-do (1592+)
  3. To interrogate a prisoner roughly: We hauled a bunch of them in, sweated them, nobody would give us anything (1764+)
Related Terms

flop sweat, in a sweat, no sweat, panther piss, pig sweat, tiger sweat


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with sweat out

sweat out

Endure or await something anxiously, as in He sweated out that last final exam, or I don't know if I made the team—I'm still sweating it out. This idiom, often expanded to sweat it out, was first recorded in 1876.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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