sweeten

[sweet-n]
verb (used with object)
1.
to make sweet, as by adding sugar.
2.
to make mild or kind; soften.
3.
to lessen the acridity or pungency of (a food) by prolonged cooking.
4.
to reduce the saltiness of (a food or dish) by diluting with water, milk, or other liquid.
5.
to make (the breath, room air, etc.) sweet or fresh, as with a mouthwash, spray, etc.
6.
(in musical recording) to add musical instruments to (an arrangement), especially strings for a lusher sound.
7.
Chemistry.
a.
to make (the stomach, soil, etc.) less acidic, as by means of certain preparations, chemicals, etc.
b.
to remove sulfur and its compounds from (oil or gas).
8.
Informal.
a.
to enhance the value of (loan collateral) by including additional or especially valuable securities.
b.
to add to the value or attractiveness of (any proposition, holding, etc.).
9.
to add more liquor to (an alcoholic drink).
10.
Poker. to add stakes to (a pot) before opening.
verb (used without object)
11.
to become sweet or sweeter.

Origin:
1545–55; sweet + -en1

nonsweetened, adjective
outsweeten, verb (used with object)
oversweeten, verb (used with object)
presweeten, verb (used with object)
resweeten, verb
unsweetened, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
sweeten (ˈswiːtən)
 
vb
1.  (also intr) to make or become sweet or sweeter
2.  to mollify or soften (a person)
3.  to make more agreeable
4.  (also intr) chem to free or be freed from unpleasant odours, acidic or corrosive substances, or the like
5.  chiefly (US) finance to raise the value of (loan collateral) by adding more securities
6.  informal poker to enlarge (the pot) by adding chips

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sweeten
1552, from sweet (adj.) + verbal ending -en. The M.E. form of the verb was simply sweet, from O.E. swetan.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Knight also highlighted the impact of sugar beets and other crops that may
  require a lot of water, used to sweeten the drink.
They could promise them now to sweeten the change and then afterwards they
  could mysteriously vanish.
We think they are a safe bet to sweeten your tailgate.
After all, for me the bitter brew doesn't taste the same if there isn't an
  electronic screen to sweeten it.
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