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Denotation vs. Connotation

swindle

[swin-dl] /ˈswɪn dl/
verb (used with object), swindled, swindling.
1.
to cheat (a person, business, etc.) out of money or other assets.
2.
to obtain by fraud or deceit.
verb (used without object), swindled, swindling.
3.
to put forward plausible schemes or use unscrupulous trickery to defraud others; cheat.
noun
4.
an act of swindling or a fraudulent transaction or scheme.
5.
anything deceptive; a fraud:
This advertisement is a real swindle.
Origin of swindle
1775-1785
1775-85; back formation from swindler < German Schwindler irresponsible person, promoter of wildcat schemes, cheat, derivative of schwindeln to be dizzy (hence dizzy-minded, irresponsible), defraud, equivalent to schwind- (akin to Old English swindan to languish) + -(e)l- -le + -er -er1
Related forms
swindleable, adjective
swindler, noun
swindlingly, adverb
outswindle, verb (used with object), outswindled, outswindling.
Synonyms
1. cozen, dupe, trick, gull.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for swindler
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The play-ground bully, the swindler of the corn exchange, who is the more virtuous?

  • It was a trifle disconcerting to discover that she was the daughter of a swindler.

    The Greater Power Harold Bindloss
  • With that swindler, that prince of rascals, Misha, with his fool's face?

    Ivanoff Anton Checkov
  • Did you ever hear of a case in which a swindler was swindled?

    Australia Revenged Boomerang
  • Because I had made some three hundred francs of debts, I was deemed a swindler!

    Other People's Money Emile Gaboriau
British Dictionary definitions for swindler

swindle

/ˈswɪndəl/
verb
1.
to cheat (someone) of money, etc; defraud
2.
(transitive) to obtain (money, etc) by fraud
noun
3.
a fraudulent scheme or transaction
Derived Forms
swindler, noun
Word Origin
C18: back formation from German Schwindler, from schwindeln, from Old High German swintilōn, frequentative of swintan to disappear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for swindler
n.

1774, from German Schwindler "giddy person, extravagant speculator, cheat," from schwindeln "to be giddy, act extravagantly, swindle," from Old High German swintilon "be giddy," frequentative form of swintan "to languish, disappear;" cognate with Old English swindan, and probably with swima "dizziness." Said to have been introduced in London by German Jews c.1762.

swindle

v.

1782, back-formation from swindler. Related: Swindled; swindling. As a noun from 1833.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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