swine erysipelas

noun Veterinary Pathology.
erysipelas ( def 2 ).
Compare erysipeloid.
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[er-uh-sip-uh-luhs, eer-uh-]
Pathology. an acute, febrile infectious disease, caused by a specific streptococcus, characterized by diffusely spreading deep-red inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes.
Also called swine erysipelas. Veterinary Pathology. a disease of swine, caused by the organism Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, characterized by urticaria, vegetative endocarditis, arthritis, and sometimes septicemia.

1350–1400; Middle English erisipila < Latin erysipelas < Greek, equivalent to erysi- (probably akin to erythrós red) + -pelas probably skin (akin to pélma sole of the foot; compare Latin pellis skin)

erysipelatous [er-uh-si-pel-uh-tuhs, eer-] , adjective
pseudoerysipelatous, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
erysipelas (ˌɛrɪˈsɪpɪləs)
Also called: Saint Anthony's fire an acute streptococcal infectious disease of the skin, characterized by fever, headache, vomiting, and purplish raised lesions, esp on the face
[C16: from Latin, from Greek erusipelas, from Greek erusi- red + -pelas skin]

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Word Origin & History

late 14c., skin disease also known as St. Anthony's Fire, from Gk. erysipelas, perhaps from erythros "red" + pella "skin." Erythros is cognate with L. ruber, rufus, Goth. rauþs, O.E. read from the PIE base for "red" (see red); the initial -e- is because Gk. tends to avoid
beginning words with -r-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

erysipelas er·y·sip·e·las (ěr'ĭ-sĭp'ə-ləs, ēr'-)
An acute disease of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by a hemolytic bacterium and marked by localized inflammation and fever. Also called Saint Anthony's fire.

er'y·si·pel'a·tous (-sĭ-pěl'ə-təs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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