|1.||a port in SE Australia, capital of New South Wales, on an inlet of the S Pacific: the largest city in Australia and the first British settlement, established as a penal colony in 1788; developed rapidly after 1820 with the discovery of gold in its hinterland; large wool market; three universities. Pop: 3 502 301 (2001)|
|2.||a port in SE Canada, in Nova Scotia on NE Cape Breton Island: capital of Cape Breton Island until 1820, when the island united administratively with Nova Scotia. Pop: 32 286 (2006)|
Largest city in Australia, located in the southeastern part of the country, surrounding Port Jackson inlet on the Pacific Ocean; the capital and largest city of New South Wales state; Australia's chief port and main cultural and industrial center.
Note: Sydney was founded in 1788 as Australia's first settlement for convicts from Britain.
Note: It was the site of the 2000 summer Olympic Games.