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[sing-kroh-sahy-kluh-tron, -sik-luh-] /ˌsɪŋ kroʊˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, -ˈsɪk lə-/
noun, Physics.
a type of cyclotron that synchronizes its accelerating voltage with particle velocity in order to compensate for the relativistic mass increase of the particle as it approaches the speed of light.
Also called FM cyclotron.
Compare synchrotron.
Origin of synchrocyclotron
1945-50; synchro- + cyclotron Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for synchrocyclotron
Historical Examples
  • The 184-inch synchrocyclotron has a single dee instead of the double-dee arrangement described above for illustrative purposes.

    LRL Accelerators Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
  • About 86% of the operating time of the 184-inch synchrocyclotron is devoted to experiments in nuclear physics.

    LRL Accelerators Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
British Dictionary definitions for synchrocyclotron


a type of cyclotron in which the frequency of the electric field is modulated to allow for relativistic effects at high velocities and thus produce higher energies
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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synchrocyclotron in Science
A type of cyclotron that modulates the frequency of the electric fields that accelerate the particles, thereby keeping the accelerating forces synchronized with the particle as its mass increases with velocity due to the effects of relativity, and providing greater energies for the accelerated particles than an unsynchronized cyclotron. Also called frequency modulated cyclotron. See also synchrotron. See Note at particle accelerator.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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