synchrocyclotron

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synchrocyclotron

[sing-kroh-sahy-kluh-tron, -sik-luh-]
noun Physics.
a type of cyclotron that synchronizes its accelerating voltage with particle velocity in order to compensate for the relativistic mass increase of the particle as it approaches the speed of light.
Also called FM cyclotron.
Compare synchrotron.


Origin:
1945–50; synchro- + cyclotron

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World English Dictionary
synchrocyclotron (ˌsɪŋkrəʊˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn)
 
n
a type of cyclotron in which the frequency of the electric field is modulated to allow for relativistic effects at high velocities and thus produce higher energies

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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
synchrocyclotron   (sĭng'krō-sī'klə-trŏn')  Pronunciation Key 
A type of cyclotron that modulates the frequency of the electric fields that accelerate the particles, thereby keeping the accelerating forces synchronized with the particle as its mass increases with velocity due to the effects of relativity, and providing greater energies for the accelerated particles than an unsynchronized cyclotron. Also called frequency modulated cyclotron. See also synchrotron. See Note at particle accelerator.
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Example sentences
The company is using an accelerator known as a synchrocyclotron.
It would have a beam intensity of about one ampere, a million times that of the synchrocyclotron.
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