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syncretism

[sing-kri-tiz-uh m, sin-] /ˈsɪŋ krɪˌtɪz əm, ˈsɪn-/
noun
1.
the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties, as in philosophy or religion.
2.
Grammar. the merging, as by historical change in a language, of two or more categories in a specified environment into one, as, in nonstandard English, the use of was with both singular and plural subjects, while in standard English was is used with singular subjects (except for you in the second person singular) and were with plural subjects.
Origin
1610-1620
1610-20; < Neo-Latin syncretismus < Greek synkrētismós union of Cretans, i.e., a united front of two opposing parties against a common foe, derivative of synkrēt(ízein) to syncretize + -ismos -ism
Related forms
syncretic
[sin-kret-ik] /sɪnˈkrɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
syncretical, syncretistic
[sing-kri-tis-tik, sin-] /ˌsɪŋ krɪˈtɪs tɪk, ˌsɪn-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
syncretist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for syncretistic
  • In many areas, particularly in rural settings, some religious groups tended to be syncretistic.
  • In many areas, particularly in rural settings, some religions tended to be syncretistic.
  • In many areas, particularly in rural settings, some religions tend to be syncretistic.
British Dictionary definitions for syncretistic

syncretism

/ˈsɪŋkrɪˌtɪzəm/
noun
1.
the tendency to syncretize
2.
the historical tendency of languages to reduce their use of inflection, as in the development of Old English with all its case endings into Modern English
Derived Forms
syncretic (sɪŋˈkrɛtɪk), syncretistic, adjective
syncretist, noun
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin syncrētismus, from Greek sunkrētismos alliance of Cretans, from sunkrētizein to join forces (in the manner of the Cretan towns), from syn- + Krēs a Cretan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for syncretistic
syncretism
"reconciliation of different beliefs," 1618, from Mod.L. syncretismus (David Pareus, 1615), from Gk. synkretismos "union of communities," from synkretizein "to combine against a common enemy," from syn- + srcond element of uncertain origin. One theory connects it with kretismos "lying," from kretizein "to lie like a Cretan;" another connects it with the stem of kerannynai "to mix, blend;" krasis "mixture."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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