|1.||of or relating to a synopsis|
|2.||(often capital) Bible|
|a. (of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke) presenting the narrative of Christ's life, ministry, etc from a point of view held in common by all three, and with close similarities in content, order, etc|
|b. of, relating to, or characterizing these three Gospels|
|3.||meteorol showing or concerned with the distribution of meteorological conditions over a wide area at a given time: a synoptic chart|
|4.||(often capital) Bible|
|a. any of the three synoptic Gospels|
|b. any of the authors of these three Gospels|
|[C18: from Greek sunoptikos, from |
the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke in the New Testament. Since the 1780s, the first three books of the New Testament have been called the Synoptic Gospels because they are so similar in structure, content, and wording that they can easily be set side by side to provide a synoptic comparison of their content. (The Gospel of John has a different arrangement and offers a somewhat different perspective on Christ.) The striking similarities between the first three Gospels prompt questions regarding the actual literary relationship that exists between them. This question, called the Synoptic problem, has been elaborately studied in modern times.
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