taborites

Taborite

[tey-buh-rahyt]
noun
(in the 15th century) a member of the militant body of Hussites maintaining a strict literal interpretation of the Scriptures.

Origin:
1640–50; named after Tabor, city in Bohemia where the radical party of Hussites had its headquarters; see -ite1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To taborites
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

taborites

member of a militant group of Bohemian Hussite reformers who in 1420 gave the biblical name of Tabor (Czech: Tabor) to their fortified settlement south of Prague. Like their more moderate coreligionists, the Utraquists, they were strict biblicists and insisted on receiving a Eucharist of both bread and wine, though they denied transubstantiation and the Real Presence. Nicholas of Pelhrimov, first bishop of the Taborites, headed an independent church that replaced Latin with Czech in the liturgy, allowed married clergy, and rejected all the sacraments except Baptism and the Eucharist. The Taborites' military campaigns and their destruction of churches, which took place under the leadership of Jan Zizka, Prokop Holy, and Prokop the Lesser, aroused such widespread animosity that the Utraquists finally joined Roman Catholic Czech forces to defeat the Taborite army at Lipany in 1434. Despite the deaths of Zizka (1424) and Prokop (1434), the Taborites continued their struggle until a decisive battle in 1452, when Tabor itself was captured.

Learn more about Taborites with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature