Vertical control of an airplane is attained by the use of elevators, flaps on the tail plane acting as horizontal rudders.
The machine from elevator to tail plane bristles in original points.
Nacelle—That part of an aeroplane containing the engine and pilot and passenger, and to which the tail plane is not fixed.
How the fuselage and tail plane stood the strain of it, God knows.
The tail plane must be attached with special care for its position.
The rudder and elevators have formed a pocket in the tail plane, which is like the spoon on a trolling-hook.