Island nation in the Pacific Ocean near the mainland of southern China; seat of the Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Taipei.
Note: When the Chinese communists came to power on the mainland, the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek and some of his army took refuge on Taiwan.
Note: The United States long supported the Nationalists but broke relations in 1979 to establish relations with the People's Republic of China.
Note: With its first free elections in the 1990s, Taiwan has become a democracy. Its economy is among the strongest in the world.
Note: China refuses to accept Taiwan's independence as a nation, viewing it instead as merely a renegade province of China. This issue continues to complicate relations between the United States and China.