|Tajikistan, Tadzhikistan or Tadjikistan (tɑːˌdʒɪkɪˈstɑːn, -stæn, tɑːˌdʒɪkɪˈstɑːn, -stæn, tɑːˌdʒɪkɪˈstɑːn, -stæn)|
|a republic in central Asia: under Uzbek rule from the 15th century until taken over by Russia in the 1860s, it became an autonomous Soviet republic in 1929 and gained full independence from the Soviet Union in 1991; it is mainly mountainous. Official language: Tajik or Tajiki. Religion: believers are mainly Muslim. Currency: somoni. Capital: Dushanbe. Pop: 6 297 000 (2004 est). Area: 143 100 sq km (55 240 sq miles)|
|Tadzhikistan, Tadzhikistan or Tadjikistan|
|Tadjikistan, Tadzhikistan or Tadjikistan|
Note: This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.
Note: Tajikistan is predominantly Muslim.