take by sur prise

surprise

[ser-prahyz, suh-]
verb (used with object), surprised, surprising.
1.
to strike or occur to with a sudden feeling of wonder or astonishment, as through unexpectedness: Her beauty surprised me.
2.
to come upon or discover suddenly and unexpectedly: We surprised the children raiding the cookie jar.
3.
to make an unexpected assault on (an unprepared army, fort, person, etc.).
4.
to elicit or bring out suddenly and without warning: to surprise the facts from the witness.
5.
to lead or bring unawares, as into doing something not intended: to surprise a witness into telling the truth.
noun
6.
an act or instance of surprising or being surprised.
7.
something that surprises someone; a completely unexpected occurrence, appearance, or statement: His announcement was a surprise to all.
8.
an assault, as on an army or a fort, made without warning.
9.
a coming upon unexpectedly; detecting in the act; taking unawares.
Idioms
10.
take by surprise,
a.
to come upon unawares.
b.
to astonish; amaze: The amount of the donation took us completely by surprise.

Origin:
1425–75; (noun) late Middle English < Anglo-French surpris(e), Middle French, past participle of surprendre, equivalent to sur- sur-1 + pris (masculine), prise (feminine) < Latin prēnsus, -sa, equivalent to prēnd(ere), contracted variant of prehendere to take (see prehension) + -tus, -ta past participle suffix; (v.) late Middle English surprisen < Anglo-French surpris(e) (past participle), Middle French, as above

surprisedly [ser-prahy-zid-lee, -prahyzd-, suh-] , adverb
surpriser, noun
supersurprise, noun
unsurprised, adjective


1. Surprise, astonish, amaze, astound mean to strike with wonder because of unexpectedness, strangeness, unusualness, etc. To surprise is to take unawares or to affect with wonder: surprised at receiving a telegram. To astonish is to strike with wonder by something unlooked for, startling, or seemingly inexplicable: astonished at someone's behavior. To amaze is to astonish so greatly as to disconcert or bewilder: amazed at such an evidence of stupidity. To astound is to so overwhelm with surprise that one is unable to think or act: astounded by the news.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
surprise (səˈpraɪz)
 
vb
1.  to cause to feel amazement or wonder
2.  to encounter or discover unexpectedly or suddenly
3.  to capture or assault suddenly and without warning
4.  to present with something unexpected, such as a gift
5.  (foll by into) to provoke (someone) to unintended action by a trick, etc: to surprise a person into an indiscretion
6.  (often foll by from) to elicit by unexpected behaviour or by a trick: to surprise information from a prisoner
 
n
7.  the act or an instance of surprising; the act of taking unawares
8.  a sudden or unexpected event, gift, etc
9.  the feeling or condition of being surprised; astonishment
10.  (modifier) causing, characterized by, or relying upon surprise: a surprise move
11.  take by surprise
 a.  to come upon suddenly and without warning
 b.  to capture unexpectedly or catch unprepared
 c.  to astonish; amaze
 
[C15: from Old French, from surprendre to overtake, from sur-1 + prendre from Latin prehendere to grasp; see prehensile]
 
sur'prisal
 
n
 
sur'prised
 
adj
 
surprisedly
 
adv
 
sur'priser
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

surprise
mid-15c., "unexpected attack or capture," from M.Fr. surprise "a taking unawares," from noun use of pp. of O.Fr. surprendre "to overtake," from sur- "over" + prendre "to take," from L. prendere, contracted from prehendere "to grasp, seize" (see prehensile). Meaning "something
unexpected" first recorded 1590s, that of "feeling caused by something unexpected" is c.1600. Meaning "fancy dish" is attested from 1708.
"A Surprize is ... a dish ... which promising little from its first appearance, when open abounds with all sorts of variety." [W. King, "Cookery," 1708]
The verb is from late 15c. Surprise party originally was a military detachment (1841); festive sense is attested from 1858. Related: Surprising; surprisingly.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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