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bath1

[bath, bahth] /bæθ, bɑθ/
noun, plural baths
[bath z, bahth z, baths, bahths] /bæðz, bɑðz, bæθs, bɑθs/ (Show IPA)
1.
a washing or immersion of something, especially the body, in water, steam, etc., as for cleansing or medical treatment:
I take a bath every day. Give the dog a bath.
2.
a quantity of water or other liquid used for this purpose:
running a bath.
3.
a container for water or other cleansing liquid, as a bathtub.
4.
a room equipped for bathing; bathroom:
The house has two baths.
5.
a building containing rooms or apartments with equipment for bathing; bathhouse.
6.
Often, baths. one of the elaborate bathing establishments of the ancients:
the baths of Caracalla.
7.
Usually, baths. a town or resort visited for medical treatment by bathing or the like; spa.
8.
a preparation, as an acid solution, in which something is immersed.
9.
the container for such a preparation.
10.
a device for controlling the temperature of something by the use of a surrounding medium, as sand, water, oil, etc.
11.
Metallurgy.
  1. the depressed hearth of a steelmaking furnace.
  2. the molten metal being made into steel in a steelmaking furnace.
12.
the state of being covered by a liquid, as perspiration:
in a bath of sweat.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), bathed, bathing. Chiefly British
13.
to wash or soak in a bath.
Idioms
14.
take a bath, Informal. to suffer a large financial loss:
Many investors are taking a bath on their bond investments.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English bæth; cognate with Old Frisian beth, Old Saxon, Old Norse bath, German Bad; < Germanic *bátha-n what is warmed, akin to Old High German bājan (German bähen), Swedish basa to warm; pre-Germanic *bheH- to warm, past participle *bhH-to-
Related forms
bathless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for take a bath

bath1

/bɑːθ/
noun (pl) baths (bɑːðz)
1.
a large container, esp one made of enamelled iron or plastic, used for washing or medically treating the body related adjective balneal
2.
the act or an instance of washing in such a container
3.
the amount of liquid contained in a bath
4.
run a bath, to turn on the taps to fill a bath with water for bathing oneself
5.
(usually pl) a place that provides baths or a swimming pool for public use
6.
  1. a vessel in which something is immersed to maintain it at a constant temperature, to process it photographically, electrolytically, etc, or to lubricate it
  2. the liquid used in such a vessel
verb
7.
(Brit) to wash in a bath
Word Origin
Old English bæth; compare Old High German bad, Old Norse bath; related to Swedish basa to clean with warm water, Old High German bāen to warm

bath2

/bæθ/
noun
1.
an ancient Hebrew unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.3 Imperial gallons or 10 US gallons
Word Origin
Hebrew

Bath

/bɑːθ/
noun
1.
a city in SW England, in Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority, Somerset, on the River Avon: famous for its hot springs; a fashionable spa in the 18th century; Roman remains, notably the baths; university (1966). Pop: 90 144 (2001) Latin name Aquae Sulis (ˈækwiːˈsuːlɪs)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for take a bath
bath
O.E. bæð "immersing in water, mud, etc.," also "quantity of water, etc., for bathing," from P.Gmc. *batham (cf. O.N. bað, M.Du. bat, Ger. bad), from PIE base *bhe- "to warm" (cf. L. fovere "to foment"). Original sense was of heating, not immersing in water. The city in Somerset, England (O.E. Baðun) was so called from its hot springs.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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take a bath in Medicine

bath (bāth)
n. pl. baths (bāðz, bāths)

  1. The act of soaking or cleansing the body or any of its parts, as in water.

  2. The apparatus used in giving a bath.

  3. The fluid used to maintain the metabolic activities of an organism.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for take a bath

take a bath

verb phrase

To suffer a financial or other loss; Go To The Cleaners, take a beating: Is it possible to take a bath on items previously thought to be incapable of depreciation?/ Though the Republicans didn't take a bath, they did not end up breaking even in this election

[1940s+; fr Yiddish, where er haut mikh gefirt in bod arayn, literally ''he led me to the bath,'' means ''he tricked me''; the sense is derived fr the deception of persons reluctant to take a steam bath and have their clothing decontaminated and who hence had to be tricked; probably reinforced by cleaned out and taken to the cleaners as terms for loss of money in gambling or business]


bath

Related Terms

take a bath


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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take a bath in the Bible

a Hebrew liquid measure, the tenth part of an homer (1 Kings 7:26, 38; Ezek. 45:10, 14). It contained 8 gallons 3 quarts of our measure. "Ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" (Isa. 5:10) denotes great unproductiveness.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with take a bath
Experience serious financial loss, as in The company took a bath investing in that new product. This idiom, which originated in gambling, transfers washing oneself in a bathtub to being “cleaned out” financially. [ ; first half of 1900s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for take a bath

bath

process of soaking the body in water or some other aqueous matter such as mud, steam, or milk. The bath may have cleanliness or curative purposes, and it can have religious, mystical, or some other meaning (see ritual bath).

Learn more about bath with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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