take five

five

[fahyv]
noun
1.
a cardinal number, four plus one.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 5 or V.
3.
a set of this many persons or things.
4.
a playing card, die face, or half of a domino face with five pips.
5.
Informal. a five-dollar bill: Can you give me two fives for a ten?
adjective
6.
amounting to five in number.
Idioms
7.
take five, Informal. to take a brief respite.

Origin:
before 1000; 1925–30 for def 7; Middle English; Old English fīf; cognate with Dutch vijf, German fünf, Old Norse fimm, Gothic fimf, Latin quīnque, Greek pénte, Sanskrit pancha

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
five (faɪv)
 
n
1.  the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one
2.  a numeral, 5, V, etc, representing this number
3.  the amount or quantity that is one greater than four
4.  something representing, represented by, or consisting of five units, such as a playing card with five symbols on it
 
determiner
5.  a.  amounting to five: five minutes; five nights
 b.  (as pronoun): choose any five you like Related: penta-, quinque-
 
Related: penta-, quinque-
 
[Old English fīf; related to Old Norse fimm, Gothic fimf, Old High German finf, Latin quinque, Greek pente, Sanskrit pañca]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

five
O.E. fif, from P.Gmc. *fimfe (cf. O.S. fif, O.N. fimm, O.H.G. funf, Goth. fimf), from PIE *pengke (cf. Skt. panca, Gk. pente, L. quinque, O.C.S. peti, Lith. penke, O.Welsh pimp). Slang five-finger discount "theft" is from 1966.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

take five

Relax, take some time off from what one is doing, as in We've been at it long enough; let's take five. This term is short for "take five minutes off." [Slang; first half of 1900s] For a synonym, see take a break.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Idioms & Phrases
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