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hatchet

[hach-it] /ˈhætʃ ɪt/
noun
1.
a small, short-handled ax having the end of the head opposite the blade in the form of a hammer, made to be used with one hand.
2.
a tomahawk.
verb (used with object)
4.
to cut, destroy, kill, etc., with a hatchet.
5.
to abridge, delete, excise, etc.:
The network censor may hatchet 30 minutes from the script.
Idioms
6.
bury the hatchet, to become reconciled or reunited; make peace.
7.
take up the hatchet, to begin or resume hostilities; prepare for or go to war:
The natives are taking up the hatchet against the enemy.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; 1670-80, Americanism for def 6; Middle English hachet < Middle French hachette, diminutive (see -et) of hache ax < Frankish *hapja kind of knife; akin to Greek kóptein to cut (cf. comma, syncope)
Related forms
hatchetlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for take the hatchet

hatchet

/ˈhætʃɪt/
noun
1.
a short axe used for chopping wood, etc
2.
a tomahawk
3.
(modifier) of narrow dimensions and sharp features: a hatchet face
4.
bury the hatchet, to cease hostilities and become reconciled
Derived Forms
hatchet-like, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French hachette, from hache axe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German happa knife
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for take the hatchet

hatchet

n.

c.1300 "small ax" (mid-12c. in surnames), from Old French hachete, diminutive of hache "ax, battle-axe, pickaxe," possibly from Frankish *happja or some other Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *hæbijo (cf. Old High German happa "sickle, scythe"), from PIE root *kop- "to beat, strike" (cf. Greek kopis "knife;" Lithuanian kaplys "hatchet," kapoti "cut small;" Old Church Slavonic skopiti "castrate").

In Middle English, hatch itself was used in a sense "battle-axe." In 14c., hang up (one's) hatchet meant "stop what one is doing." Phrase bury the hatchet (1794) is from a supposed Native American peacemaking custom. Hatchet-man was originally California slang for "hired Chinese assassin" (1880), later extended figuratively to journalists who attacked the reputation of a public figure (1944).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with take the hatchet
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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