"riding, hostile incursion," from P.Gmc. *ridanan,
source of O.E. ridan
). Also related to raid.
In M.E., "a riding, a journey," sense of "open way for traveling between two places" is first recorded 1596. Modern spelling only established 18c. Roadblock
is attested from 1940. Roadster
"open two-seat automobile" is from 1908, earlier of light carriages (1892), originally "a ship lying near the shore" (1744), which is from the nautical sense of "narrow stretch of sheltered water" (c.1320, cf. Hampton Roads
in Virginia). Road test
is from 1906. Road hog
is attested from 1891; road rage
is from 1988; roadie
"laborer employed by pop groups while on tour" first recorded 1969; road kill
(n.) in the figurative sense is from 1992.