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tallow

[tal-oh] /ˈtæl oʊ/
noun
1.
the fatty tissue or suet of animals.
2.
the harder fat of sheep, cattle, etc., separated by melting from the fibrous and membranous matter naturally mixed with it, and used to make candles, soap, etc.
3.
any of various similar fatty substances:
vegetable tallow.
verb (used with object)
4.
to smear with tallow.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English talow, talgh; cognate with German Talg
Related forms
untallowed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tall owing

tallow

/ˈtæləʊ/
noun
1.
a fatty substance consisting of a mixture of glycerides, including stearic, palmitic, and oleic acids and extracted chiefly from the suet of sheep and cattle: used for making soap, candles, food, etc
verb
2.
(transitive) to cover or smear with tallow
Derived Forms
tallowy, adjective
Word Origin
Old English tælg, a dye; related to Middle Low German talch tallow, Dutch talk, Icelandic tólg
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for tall owing

tallow

n.

mid-14c., talwgh, from a form cognate with Middle Low German talg "tallow," Middle Dutch talch, from Proto-Germanic *talga-, meaning perhaps originally "firm, compact material" (cf. Gothic tulgus "firm, solid").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for tall owing

tallow

odourless, tasteless, waxy white fat, consisting of suet (the hard fat about the kidneys and loins of cattle, sheep, and horses) or similar vegetable substances. Tallow consists mainly of glyceryl esters of oleic, palmitic, and stearic acids. Tallow was used chiefly to make soap and candles until the development of synthetic surfactants made it available for animal feeds and as a base for chemicals and lubricants. Tallow is extracted by rendering, cutting, or chopping the fatty tissue into small pieces that are boiled in vats or cooked in steam digesters, then collecting the fat by skimming or by centrifuging.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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