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tamp

[tamp] /tæmp/
verb (used with object)
1.
to force in or down by repeated, rather light, strokes:
He tamped the tobacco in his pipe.
2.
(in blasting) to fill (a drilled hole) with earth or the like after the charge has been inserted.
Origin
1810-1820
1810-20; perhaps alteration of tampion
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tamping

tamping

/ˈtæmpɪŋ/
adjective
1.
(postpositive) (South Wales, dialect) very angry
Word Origin
see tamp1

tamp1

/tæmp/
verb (transitive)
1.
to force or pack down firmly by repeated blows
2.
to pack sand, earth, etc into (a drill hole) over an explosive
Word Origin
C17: probably a back formation from tampin (obsolete variant of tampion), which was taken as being a present participle tamping

tamp2

/tæmp/
verb (South Wales, dialect)
1.
(transitive) to bounce (a ball)
2.
(intransitive) usually foll by down. to pour with rain
Word Origin
probably special use of tamp1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tamping

tamp

v.

1819, "to fill (a hole containing an explosive) with dirt or clay before blasting," a workmen's word, perhaps a back-formation from tampion, that word being mistaken as a present participle (*tamping).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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