tankard

[tang-kerd]
noun
a large drinking cup, usually with a handle and a hinged cover.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English: bucket; compare Middle Dutch tanckaert, Middle French tanquart

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
tankard (ˈtæŋkəd)
 
n
a.  a large one-handled drinking vessel, commonly made of silver, pewter, or glass, sometimes fitted with a hinged lid
 b.  the quantity contained in a tankard
 
[C14: related to Middle Dutch tankaert, French tanquart]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tankard
c.1300, "large tub-like vessel," corresponding to M.Du. tanckaert, meaning the same thing, but both of unknown origin. A guess hazarded in OED is that it is a transposition of *kantard, from L. cantharus. Meaning "drinking vessel" is first recorded late 15c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

tankard

drinking vessel for ale or beer, widely used in northern Europe (especially Scandinavia, Germany, and the British Isles) and in colonial America from the second half of the 16th century until the end of the 18th century. The body is usually cylindrical, and it has a hinged lid (with or without finial), generally a thumbpiece, and a handle that is often in a scroll shape. On the handles of many 17th- and 18th-century tankards are whistles that were used for summoning waiters. Though they were sometimes made of horn, carved ivory, pottery, and porcelain (all with metal mounts), tankards most often were made from precious metals, especially silver, and pewter. In the late 17th century certain large tankards appeared, commissioned by corporate bodies or guilds for presentation or ceremonial use. Reproductions of traditional tankard styles date from the 19th century and continue to be produced in the 20th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
They caught some of the water in a tankard and threw it on a slab near the spring.
Tankard asked about a permit for the office over state-owned bottom.
Synonyms
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