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tan1

[tan] /tæn/
verb (used with object), tanned, tanning.
1.
to convert (a hide) into leather, especially by soaking or steeping in a bath prepared from tanbark or synthetically.
2.
to make brown by exposure to ultraviolet rays, as of the sun.
3.
Informal. to thrash; spank.
verb (used without object), tanned, tanning.
4.
to become tanned.
noun
5.
the brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the sun or open air.
6.
yellowish brown; light brown.
7.
adjective, tanner, tannest.
8.
of the color of tan; yellowish-brown.
9.
used in or relating to tanning processes, materials, etc.
Idioms
10.
tan someone's hide, Informal. to beat someone soundly:
She threatened to tan our hides if she found us on her property again.
Origin
1000
before 1000; 1920-25 for def 2; Middle English tannen to make hide into leather, late Old English *tannian (in past participle getanned; cf. tanner1) < Medieval Latin tannāre, derivative of tannum oak bark, tanbark < Germanic; compare Old High German tanna oak, fir, akin to Dutch den fir
Related forms
tannable, adjective
untanned, adjective
well-tanned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for tanned
  • As she looked at her wedding ring, she could observe the bold play of tendons on the back of her tanned thin hands.
  • He has a handsome, darkly tanned face, and favors designer suits with flared-collar shirts and no tie.
  • She had long, bare, tanned legs and wore delicate ribboned heels.
  • Formidably toned by yoga, her body is in superb shape, but despite her tanned skin and megawatt smile she looks fragile and wan.
  • The current study focused on non-chrome-tanned leather made with a glutaraldehyde-tanning process.
  • Each pallet was stacked with twelve, six-foot-long cartons, each containing approximately twenty tanned and dyed leather skins.
  • Rawhide is not cured or tanned, and is distinguished by its light yellow or white appearance.
British Dictionary definitions for tanned

tan1

/tæn/
noun
1.
the brown colour produced by the skin after intensive exposure to ultraviolet rays, esp those of the sun
2.
a light or moderate yellowish-brown colour
3.
short for tanbark
verb tans, tanning, tanned
4.
to go brown or cause to go brown after exposure to ultraviolet rays: she tans easily
5.
to convert (a skin or hide) into leather by treating it with a tanning agent, such as vegetable tannins, chromium salts, fish oils, or formaldehyde
6.
(transitive) (slang) to beat or flog
adjective tanner, tannest
7.
of the colour tan: tan gloves
8.
used in or relating to tanning
Derived Forms
tannable, adjective
tannish, adjective
Word Origin
Old English tannian (unattested as infinitive, attested as getanned, past participle), from Medieval Latin tannāre, from tannum tanbark, perhaps of Celtic origin; compare Irish tana thin

tan2

/tæn/
abbreviation
1.
tangent (sense 2)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tanned

tan

v.

late Old English tannian "to convert hide into leather" (by steeping it in tannin), from Medieval Latin tannare "tan, dye, a tawny color" (c.900), from tannum "crushed oak bark," used in tanning leather, probably from a Celtic source (e.g. Breton tann "oak tree"). The meaning "make brown by exposure to the sun" first recorded 1520s. To tan (someone's) hide in the figurative sense is from 1660s. Related: Tanned; tanning.

n.

"bronze color imparted to skin by exposure to sun," 1749, see tan (v.). As a simple name for a brownish color, in any context, it is recorded from 1888. The adjective tan "of the color of tanned leather" is recorded from 1660s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tanned in Science
tan  
Abbreviation of tangent
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Related Abbreviations for tanned

tan

tangent

TAN

teeny area network
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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