|a republic in E Africa, on the Indian Ocean: formed by the union of the independent states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964; a member of the Commonwealth. Exports include coffee, tea, sisal, and cotton. Official languages: Swahili and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Tanzanian shilling. Capital: officially Dodoma (though some functions remain in Dar es Salaam). Pop: 37 671 000 (2004 est). Area: 945 203 sq km (364 943 sq miles)|
Republic in eastern Africa, formed in 1964 by the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It is bordered to the north by Uganda, Lake Victoria, and Kenya; to the east by the Indian Ocean; to the south by Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia; and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi,, and Rwanda. Its capital and largest city is Dar es Salaam.
Note: Louis B. Leakey, a British anthropologist, found the remains of a direct ancestor of the present human species, about 1.75 million years old, at Olduvai Gorge in northeastern Tanzania.