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Tartu

[tahr-too] /ˈtɑr tu/
noun
1.
a city in SE Estonia.
Formerly german Dorpat;
Russian Yurev.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tartus

Tartu

/Russian ˈtartu/
noun
1.
a city in SE Estonia: successively under Polish, Swedish, and Russian rule; university (1632). Pop: 95 000 (2005 est) Former name (11th century until 1918) Yurev German name Dorpat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for tartus

Tartus

town, western Syria, situated on the Mediterranean coast opposite Arwad Island. It was founded in antiquity as Antaradus, a colony of Aradus (now Arwad Island). It was rebuilt in AD 346 by Emperor Constantine I and flourished during Roman and Byzantine times. Crusaders occupied Tartus, then known as Tortosa, in the European Middle Ages, converting it into a fortress-town and successfully defending it against devastating attacks in the 12th century; they were driven out by the Arabs in 1291. From the beginning of the Ottoman conquest, the town declined in importance until its port was rejuvenated in the 20th century. The Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, now the town's museum, is a perfect example of 13th-century crusader architecture. The Castle of the Templars (late 12th to early 13th century), now mostly in ruins, can be seen in the older part of Tartus. Syria's second port (after Latakia), Tartus is also a fishing port and the centre of a rich agricultural region. Pop. (2003 est.) 85,772.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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