taste bud

noun
one of numerous small, flask-shaped bodies, chiefly in the epithelium of the tongue, which are the end organs for the sense of taste.

Origin:
1885–90

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
taste bud
 
n
any of the elevated oval-shaped sensory end organs on the surface of the tongue, by means of which the sensation of taste is experienced

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

taste bud n.
One of a number of flask-shaped receptor cell nests located in the epithelium of the papillae of the tongue and in the soft palate, epiglottis, and pharynx that mediate the sense of taste.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
taste bud   (tāst)  Pronunciation Key 


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Any of numerous sense organs in most vertebrate animals that are specialized to detect taste. Taste buds are sensitive to four types of taste: sweet, sour, salty, or bitter. In land vertebrates, the taste buds are found on the surface of the tongue. Fish have taste buds all over their bodies.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

taste buds definition


Oval-shaped clusters of cells located on the tongue and lining of the mouth that contain special nerve endings that help give rise to the sense of taste.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Cells that recognize these flavors reside in taste buds located on the tongue
  and the roof of the mouth.
Walk across a bouncy rubber tongue complete with taste buds and realistic
  burping noises in the background.
The taste cells are clustered within the taste buds of the tongue and roof of
  the mouth, and along the lining of the throat.
The taste buds pick out four major sensations: sweet, sour, salt and bitter.
Synonyms
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