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taurine1

[tawr-ahyn, -in] /ˈtɔr aɪn, -ɪn/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or resembling a bull.
2.
pertaining to the zodiacal sign Taurus.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Latin taurīnus. See taur-, -ine1

taurine2

[tawr-een, -in] /ˈtɔr in, -ɪn/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a neutral crystalline substance, C 2 H 7 NO 3 S, obtained from bile.
Origin
1835-45; taur(ocholic) + -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for taurine
  • They are all enriched with taurine because the taurine in meat is destroyed when it is cooked.
British Dictionary definitions for taurine

taurine1

/ˈtɔːraɪn/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or resembling a bull
Word Origin
C17: from Latin taurīnus, from taurus a bull

taurine2

/ˈtɔːriːn; -rɪn/
noun
1.
a derivative of the amino acid, cysteine, obtained from the bile of animals; 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid. Formula: NH2CH2CH2SO3H
Word Origin
C19: from tauro- (as in taurocholic acid, so called because discovered in ox bile) + -ine²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for taurine
n.

chemical substance (aminoethyl-sulphonic acid), 1845, from Latin taurus "bull" (see steer (n.)) + chemical suffix -ine (2); obtained by German professor Leopold Gmelin in 1826 and so called because it was first found in ox bile.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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taurine in Medicine

taurine tau·rine (tôr'ēn')
n.
A colorless crystalline substance formed by the hydrolysis of taurocholic acid and found in the fluids of the muscles and lungs of many animals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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