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taws

[tawz, tahz] /tɔz, tɑz/
noun, plural taws. Chiefly Scot.
1.
a whip or leather thong used to drive a spinning top.
2.
a leather whip having its tip divided into smaller strips, used to punish schoolchildren.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; plural of obsolete taw < Old Norse taug rope; cognate with Old English tēag tie

taw1

[taw] /tɔ/
noun
1.
a choice or fancy marble used as a shooter.
2.
a game in which marbles are arranged in the center of a circle drawn or scratched on the ground, the object being to knock out as many as possible from the circle; ringer.
3.
Also, taw line. the line from which the players shoot.
verb (used without object)
4.
to shoot a marble.
Origin
1700-10; origin uncertain

taw2

[taw] /tɔ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to prepare or dress (some raw material) for use or further manipulation.
2.
to transform the skin of an animal into white leather by the application of minerals, emulsions, etc.
3.
Archaic. to flog; thrash.
Origin
before 900; Middle English tawen, Old English tawian; cognate with Dutch touwen, Gothic taujan
Related forms
tawer, noun

taw3

[tahv, tawv, tahf, tawf] /tɑv, tɔv, tɑf, tɔf/
noun
1.
tav.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for taws

tawse

/tɔːz/
noun
1.
a leather strap having one end cut into thongs, formerly used as an instrument of punishment by a schoolteacher
verb
2.
to punish (someone) with or as if with a tawse; whip
Word Origin
C16: probably plural of obsolete taw strip of leather; see taw²

taw1

/tɔː/
noun
1.
the line from which the players shoot in marbles
2.
(Austral, informal) back to taws, back to the beginning
3.
a large marble used for shooting
4.
a game of marbles
Word Origin
C18: of unknown origin

taw2

/tɔː/
verb (transitive)
1.
to convert (skins) into white leather by treatment with mineral salts, such as alum and salt, rather than by normal tanning processes
2.
(archaic or dialect) to flog; beat
Derived Forms
tawer, noun
Word Origin
Old English tawian; compare Old High German zouwen to prepare, Gothic taujan to make
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for taws

taw

v.

"to prepare" (leather), from Old English tawian "to do, make," from Proto-Germanic *tawojan (cf. Old Frisian tawa, Old Saxon toian, Middle Dutch tauwen, Dutch touwen, Old High German zouwen "to prepare," Old High German zawen "to succeed," Gothic taujan "to make, prepare"), probably related to the root of Old English tol "tool" (see tool).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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