noun, plural taxonomies.
the science or technique of classification.
a classification into ordered categories: a proposed taxonomy of educational objectives.
Biology. the science dealing with the description, identification, naming, and classification of organisms.

1805–15; French taxonomie. See taxo-, -nomy

taxonomic [tak-suh-nom-ik] , taxonomical, adjective
taxonomically, adverb
taxonomist, taxonomer, noun
nontaxonomic, adjective
nontaxonomical, adjective
nontaxonomically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
taxonomy (tækˈsɒnəmɪ)
1.  a.  the branch of biology concerned with the classification of organisms into groups based on similarities of structure, origin, etc
 b.  the practice of arranging organisms in this way
2.  the science or practice of classification
[C19: from French taxonomie, from Greek taxis order + -nomy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1828, from Fr. taxonomie (1813), introduced by Linnæus and coined irregularly from Gk. taxis "arrangement" (see taxidermy) + -nomia "method," from -nomos "managing," from nemein "manage" (see numismatics).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

taxonomy tax·on·o·my (tāk-sŏn'ə-mē)

  1. The classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicates natural relationships.

  2. The science, laws, or principles of classification; systematics.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
taxonomy   (tāk-sŏn'ə-mē)  Pronunciation Key 

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The scientific classification of organisms into specially named groups based either on shared characteristics or on evolutionary relationships as inferred from the fossil record or established by genetic analysis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
taxonomy [(tak-son-uh-mee)]

The classification of living things. (See Linnean classification.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
And it has helped us to discover biologically realistic taxonomies of the major motives for violence.
Or maybe you were given one of the dozens of other learning-style taxonomies that scholars and consultants have developed.
Others developed slightly different taxonomies, but all included a category of tears full of sweetness and pleasure.
Taxonomies are already complete for many industries, and the rest are scheduled for completion this fall.
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