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teleology

[tel-ee-ol-uh-jee, tee-lee-] /ˌtɛl iˈɒl ə dʒi, ˌti li-/
noun, Philosophy
1.
the doctrine that final causes exist.
2.
the study of the evidences of design or purpose in nature.
3.
such design or purpose.
4.
the belief that purpose and design are a part of or are apparent in nature.
5.
(in vitalist philosophy) the doctrine that phenomena are guided not only by mechanical forces but that they also move toward certain goals of self-realization.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; < Neo-Latin teleologia. See teleo-, -logy
Related forms
teleological
[tel-ee-uh-loj-i-kuh l, tee-lee-] /ˌtɛl i əˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl, ˌti li-/ (Show IPA),
teleologic, adjective
teleologism, noun
teleologist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tele-ology

teleology

/ˌtɛlɪˈɒlədʒɪ; ˌtiːlɪ-/
noun
1.
(philosophy)
  1. the doctrine that there is evidence of purpose or design in the universe, and esp that this provides proof of the existence of a Designer
  2. the belief that certain phenomena are best explained in terms of purpose rather than cause
  3. the systematic study of such phenomena See also final cause
2.
(biology) the belief that natural phenomena have a predetermined purpose and are not determined by mechanical laws
Derived Forms
teleological (ˌtɛlɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl; ˌtiːlɪ-), teleologic, adjective
teleologically, adverb
teleologism, noun
teleologist, noun
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin teleologia, from Greek telos end + -logy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tele-ology

teleology

n.

"study of final causes," 1740, from Modern Latin teleologia, coined 1728 by German philosopher Baron Christian von Wolff (1679-1754) from Greek teleos "entire, perfect, complete," properly genitive of telos "end, goal, result" (see tele-), + -logia (see -logy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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