teleologist

teleology

[tel-ee-ol-uh-jee, tee-lee-]
noun Philosophy.
1.
the doctrine that final causes exist.
2.
the study of the evidences of design or purpose in nature.
3.
such design or purpose.
4.
the belief that purpose and design are a part of or are apparent in nature.
5.
(in vitalist philosophy) the doctrine that phenomena are guided not only by mechanical forces but that they also move toward certain goals of self-realization.

Origin:
1730–40; < Neo-Latin teleologia. See teleo-, -logy

teleological [tel-ee-uh-loj-i-kuhl, tee-lee-] , teleologic, adjective
teleologism, noun
teleologist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
teleology (ˌtɛlɪˈɒlədʒɪ, ˌtiːlɪ-)
 
n
1.  philosophy
 a.  the doctrine that there is evidence of purpose or design in the universe, and esp that this provides proof of the existence of a Designer
 b.  the belief that certain phenomena are best explained in terms of purpose rather than cause
 c.  See also final cause the systematic study of such phenomena
2.  biology the belief that natural phenomena have a predetermined purpose and are not determined by mechanical laws
 
[C18: from New Latin teleologia, from Greek telos end + -logy]
 
teleological
 
adj
 
teleo'logic
 
adj
 
teleo'logically
 
adv
 
tele'ologism
 
n
 
tele'ologist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

teleology
"study of final causes," 1740, from Mod.L. teleologia, coined 1728 by Ger. philosopher Baron Christian von Wolff (1679-1754) from Gk. teleos "entire, perfect, complete," prop. gen. of telos "end, goal, result;" see tele- + -logia.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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