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tempera

[tem-per-uh] /ˈtɛm pər ə/
noun
1.
a technique of painting in which an emulsion consisting of water and pure egg yolk or a mixture of egg and oil is used as a binder or medium, characterized by its lean film-forming properties and rapid drying rate.
2.
a painting executed in this technique.
3.
a water paint used in this technique in which the egg-water or egg-oil emulsion is used as a binder.
Compare distemper2 (defs 1, 2).
Origin
1825-1835
1825-35; < Italian, short for (pingere a) tempera (painting in) distemper, derivative of temperare to mingle, temper; see temper
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for temperas'

tempera

/ˈtɛmpərə/
noun
1.
a painting medium for powdered pigments, consisting usually of egg yolk and water
2.
  1. any emulsion used as a painting medium, with casein, glue, wax, etc, as a base
  2. the paint made from mixing this with pigment
3.
the technique of painting with tempera
Word Origin
C19: from Italian phrase pingere a tempera painting in tempera, from temperare to mingle; see temper
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for temperas'

tempera

n.

1832, from Italian tempera (in phrase pingere a tempera), from temperare "to mix colors, temper," from Latin temperare "to mix" (see temper (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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