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temporal1

[tem-per-uh l, tem-pruh l] /ˈtɛm pər əl, ˈtɛm prəl/
adjective
1.
of or relating to time.
2.
pertaining to or concerned with the present life or this world; worldly:
temporal joys.
3.
enduring for a time only; temporary; transitory (opposed to eternal).
4.
Grammar.
  1. of, relating to, or expressing time:
    a temporal adjective, such as recent, or a temporal adverb, such as recently.
  2. of or relating to the tenses of a verb.
5.
secular, lay, or civil, as opposed to ecclesiastical.
noun, Usually, temporals
6.
a temporal possession, estate, or the like; temporality.
7.
something that is temporal; a temporal matter or affair.
Origin of temporal1
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English (adj. and noun) < Latin temporālis, equivalent to tempor- (stem of tempus) time + -ālis -al1
Related forms
temporally, adverb
temporalness, noun

temporal2

[tem-per-uh l, tem-pruh l] /ˈtɛm pər əl, ˈtɛm prəl/ Anatomy, Zoology
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or situated near the temple or a temporal bone.
noun
2.
any of several parts in the temporal region, especially the temporal bone.
Origin
1535-45; < Late Latin temporālis, equivalent to tempor- (stem of tempus) temple2 + -ālis -al1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for temporal

temporal1

/ˈtɛmpərəl; ˈtɛmprəl/
adjective
1.
of or relating to time
2.
of or relating to secular as opposed to spiritual or religious affairs: the lords spiritual and temporal
3.
lasting for a relatively short time
4.
(grammar) of or relating to tense or the linguistic expression of time in general: a temporal adverb
Derived Forms
temporally, adverb
temporalness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin temporālis, from tempus time

temporal2

/ˈtɛmpərəl; ˈtɛmprəl/
adjective
1.
(anatomy) of, relating to, or near the temple or temples
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin temporālis belonging to the temples; see temple²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for temporal
adj.

mid-14c., "worldly, secular," later "of time, terrestrial, earthly" (late 14c.), "temporary, lasting only for a time" (late 14c.), from Old French temporal, from Latin temporalis "of time, temporary," from tempus (genitive temporis) "time, season, proper time or season," of unknown origin. Related: Temporality.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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temporal in Medicine

temporal tem·po·ral2 (těm'pər-əl, těm'prəl)
adj.
Abbr. temp.
Of, relating to, or near the temples of the skull.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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temporal in Science
temporal
  (těm'pər-əl)   
Relating to or near the bones that form the sides and part of the base of the skull.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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