ten-nest

ten

[ten]
noun
1.
a cardinal number, nine plus one.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 10 or X.
3.
a set of this many persons or things.
4.
a playing card with ten pips.
5.
Informal. a ten-dollar bill: She had two tens and a five in her purse.
6.
Also called Mathematics.
a.
(in a mixed number) the position of the second digit to the left of the decimal point.
b.
(in a whole number) the position of the second digit from the right.
7.
amounting to ten in number.
Idioms
8.
take ten, Informal. to rest from what one is doing, especially for ten minutes.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English ten(e), tenn(e), Old English tēn(e), tīen(e); cognate with Dutch tien, German zehn, Old Norse tīu, Gothic taihun, Latin decem, Greek déka, Sanskrit daśa

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
 ten (tɛn) —n 1. See also number the cardinal number that is the sum of nine and one. It is the base of the decimal number system and the base of the common logarithm 2. a numeral, 10, X, etc, representing this number 3. something representing, represented by, or consisting of ten units, such as a playing card with ten symbols on it 4. Also called: ten o'clock ten hours after noon or midnight —determiner 5. a.  amounting to ten: ten tigers b.  (as pronoun): to sell only ten Related: decimal, deca-, deci- [Old English tēn; related to Old Saxon tehan, Old High German zehan, Gothic taihun, Latin decem, Greek deka, Sanskrit dasa]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ten
O.E. ten (Mercian), tien (W.Saxon), from P.Gmc. *tekhan (cf. O.S. tehan, O.N. tiu, Dan. ti, O.Fris. tian, O.Du. ten, Du. tien, O.H.G. zehan, Ger. zehn, Goth. taihun "ten"), from PIE *dekm (cf. Skt. dasa, Avestan dasa, Armenian tasn, Gk. deka, L. decem, O.C.S. deseti, Lith. desimt, O.Ir. deich, Bret.
dek, Welsh deg, Alb. djetu "ten"). Tenth is O.E. teoða, teogoða. Tenner "ten-pound note" is slang first recorded 1861; as "ten-dollar bill," 1887 (ten-spot in this sense dates from 1848). The ten-foot pole that you wouldn't touch something with (1909) was originally a 40-foot pole; the idea is the same as the advice to use a long spoon when you dine with the devil. Ten-four "I understand, message received," is attested in popular jargon from 1962, from use in CB and police radio 10-code (in use in U.S. by 1950).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

TEN abbr.
toxic epidermal necrolysis

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary